Posted by: gdevi | July 3, 2011

Exxon Mobil oil spill in Yellowstone National Park

Exxon-Mobil oil spill in Yellowstone National Park. 

From the journals of Lewis and Clark: Captain Lewis, April 26, 1805, on the Missouri river at the entrance of Yellowstone river (the original spelling is different from Modern English spelling)

“This morning I dispatched Joseph Fields up the yellowstone river with order to examine it as far as he could conveniently and return the same evening; . . . while I proceeded down the river with one man in order to take a view of the confluence of this great river with the Missouri, which we found to be two miles distant on a direct line N. W. from our encampment.  the bottom land on the lower side of the yellowstone river near it’s mouth, for about one mile in width appears to be subject to inundation; while that on the opposite side of the Missouri and the point formed by the junction of these rivers is of the common elivation, say from twelve to 18 feet above the level of the water, and of course not liable to be overflown except in extreem high water, which dose not appear to be  very frequent.  there is more timber in the neighbourhood of the junction of these rivers, and on the Missouri as far below as the White-earth river, than there is on any part of the Missouri above the entrance of the Chyenne river to this place.  the timber consists principally of Cottonwood, with some small elm, ash and boxalder.  the under growth on the sandbars and verge of the river is the small leafed willow; the low bottoms, rose bushes which rise to three or four fet high, the redburry, servicebury, and the redwood; the high bottoms are of two discriptions, either timbered or open; the first lies next to the river and it’s under brush is the same with that of the low timbered bottoms with the addition of the broad leafed willow, Goosbury, choke cherry, purple currant, and honeysuckle bushis; the open bottoms border on the hills, and are covered in many parts by the wild hyssop which rises to the hight of two feet.  I observe that the Antelope, Buffaloe Elk and deer feed on this herb; the willow of the sandbars also furnish a favorite winter food to these anamals as well as the growse, the porcupine, hare, and rabbit. . . . in the evening, the man I had sent up the river this morning returned, and reported that he had ascended it about eight miles on a streight line; that he found it crooked, meandering from side to side of the valley formed by it; which is from four to five miles wide.  the corrent of the river gentle, and it’s bed much interrupted and broken by sandbars; at the distance of five miles he passed a large Island well covered with timber, and three miles higher a large creek falls in on the S. E, side above a high bluff in which there are several stratas of coal.  the country bordering on this river as far as he could percieve, like that of the Missouri, consisted of open plains.  he saw several of the bighorned anamals in the couse of his walk; but they were so shy that he could not get a shoot at them; he found a large horn of one of these anamals which he brought with him.  the bed of the yellowstone river is entirely composed of sand and mud, not a stone of any kind to be seen in it near its entrance.  Capt Clark measured these rivers just above their confluence; found the bed of the Missouri 520 yards wide, the water occupying 330.  its channel deep.  the yellowstone river including its sandbar, 858 yds. of which, the water occupyed 297 yards; the depest part 12 feet; it was falling at this time & appeard to be nearly at its summer tide.  the Indians inform that the yellowstone river is navigable for perogues and canoes nearly to its source in the Rocky Mountains, and that in its course near these mountains it passes within less than half a day’s march of a navigable part of the Missouri.  its extreem sources are adjacent to those of the Missouri, river platte, and I think probably with some of the South branch of the Columbia river. . . .  the water of this river is turbid tho dose not possess as much sediment as that of the Missouri. . . . a sufficient quantity of limestone may be readily procured for building near the junction of the Missouri and yellowstone rivers.  I could observe no regular stratas of it, thoit lies on the sides of the river hills in large irregular masses, in considerable quantities; it is of a light colour, and appears to be of an excellent quality.”

Here is a website dedicated to Yellowstone’s wolves; very interesting and important work these folks are doing. Man, wouldn’t you love to see these wolves? Looks so much like Daisy. Something to see before I die. Check out the gallery link with Kim Kaiser’s photography of the animals of Yellowstone. Beautiful photographs; gives you goosebumps.

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Responses

  1. Everything is very open with a precise explanation of the challenges.
    It was truly informative. Your website is very useful.

    Thank you for sharing!


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